Arranging a garden according to japanese style means combining the four elements of nature which are water, fire, earth and air, in such ways that they offer balance and relaxation and become an oasis of silence for those who sit in the garden. If you want to know how to make a japanese garden, here are some particularities of the style you must keep in mind.
Rugged mountain rocks, stones naturally polished by flowing water, carefully leveled sand of different colors, masterfully cut and cared plants that fill the space with their surreal green shades, ponds and flowing fountains, stone alleys, fish and turtles and a relaxation area with small and soft chairs are some of the items that help you arrange a beautiful japanese garden.
Stones and gravel
Since ancient times, massive stones have been very important in the japanese culture and have been worshiped because they resemble ancient gods called “kami”, while gravel was used to determine sacred items, similar to the ones inside japanese temples. In modern gardens, the big stone symbolize the mountains and are used to build bridges and fountains and the gravel is used to resemble the water and fills the space between tiles.
Little isles and bridges
Isles are another particularity of the japanese gardens. Some islands are real and some are simply religious symbols built in the shape of a turtle, a crane which is the symbol of longevity or the famous sacred mountain Horai. Bridges are used to connect the isles to the ponds and are often made of finished wood or stone.
Ponds and flowing waters
A great tip in how to make a japanese garden to look realistic is to create ponds and fountains as central pieces of the landscape. Ponds also serve as a home for the famous japanese “koi” fish and symbolize piece and serenity. If you have a lot of space in your garden you can arrange a big pond where you can ride a boat and admire the fish or the turtles and the vegetation.
Speaking of vegetation, you can not learn how to make a japanese garden without first knowing the specific plants for this style. In a japanese garden is not the flower that offer charm, but the way flowers are combined and arranged. Several trees such as maples and cherry trees are perfect for their beautiful flowers in the blooming season while pines, bamboos, and plum trees are spectacular during winter. Every tree has a specific meaning in the japanese culture, for example, the bamboo means friendship, plums resemble the paradise and the pines mean strength. Waterlilies are another type of plant that is typical for a japanese garden and are used to beautify the aspect of the ponds and rivers.